The good second-hand Toyota the garage mechanic obtained for her finds a place in the cavern. She looks for a moment at this avatar, presenting himself aggressively handsome in the silk scarf at his neck of the shirt that becomes him best.
She smiles but he knows that she is trying to measure with other eyes the impression he needs to make. They emerge through security turnstiles where they slot the plastic cards given them when the guard at the entrance verified the registration number; are guided by another uniformed man to sign her name serves for bothtime of arrival and other particulars of identification in a gold-tooled leather-bound book; are taken over by a young woman programmed to preface with And how are you today her instruction of which elevator goes up to the 17th floor.
His sparse pointed beard, quaintly worn as seen on engravings of ancient tribal kings, is matched in poate pipita alot cauzeaza pierderea in greutate by the fresh white carnation in his lapel.
Exercițiul fizic și pierderea în greutate
The Pickup — Nadine Gordimer B. The text above makes frequent use of the passive voice. The passive voice forms are in bold while the forms which are underlined are the by-agents.
What do the forms in bold have in common?
What do the underlined forms convey? The tenses that are used in the constructions in bold are mainly present.
- Pierderea în greutate în timpul perioadei
- Pierdere în greutate thomas hall
- Интересно, подумал Элвин, а что робот чувствовал после избавления от древнего обета.
- У него даже мелькнуло подозрение -- а уж не следил ли Шут за всеми его бесплодными поисками.
- Reteta slabire
- Ровное плато уже не было ровным.
Try to change the passive forms into active ones and see what other changes occur. Can you identify the difference in meaning, between the active forms and their passive counterparts?
Main properties The passive is characterized by the following changes: a It is made up of the auxiliaries be and get and the past participle, or the third form of the verb. The get-passive is discussed in further detail in Suplimente inversate pierdere în greutate 6 where we will see whether get is actually an auxiliary displaying the same properties as auxiliary be.
Thus, the Subject of the active voice sentence, which in these cases is generally the Agent performing the action denoted by the verb, becomes the by-Agent of the newly formed passive construction. John will invite Susan to the party. Susan will be invited to the party by John. The white carnation matches his beard in distinction. His beard is matched in distinction by the white carnation. We can choose to mention the person s attacked, i.
This is done by using the passive construction, in which the Patient noun, here Susan and Jane, is the subject. Susan și Jane au fost atacate ieri. If we want to make sure that our addressee gets all the details, we mention the Agent and the Patient, and we have a choice of construction, as in 4. Susan and Jane were attacked by those thugs. Susan și Jane au fost atacate de acei golani.
Those thugs attacked Susan and Jane yesterday. Acei golani le-au atacat ieri pe Susan și pe Jane. Consider the passive in 3. This is the main use of the passive both in speech and in writing: to mention only the Patient and to omit the Agent.
From passives such as 3listeners can infer an Agent, and adverbs can be inserted, such as deliberately in 5which bring the Agent very close without actually mentioning who played that role.
The vase was smashed deliberately. However, even in the long passive, the Agent noun is in an optional prepositional phrase by those thugs and is presented as peripheral.
These forms, which are based on a similar form, are quite dissimilar in meaning because unlike the auxiliary have, the auxiliary be can no longer take an Agent doer of the action as its grammatical subject. In the passive it is either no longer important to express who the Agent - the doer of the action - is, or the speaker does not want the Agent to be known.
The subject of the original active verb can be recovered in the passive sentence as a prepositional phrase headed by the preposition BY or it can be implicit which is to say it can be unexpressed.
Griff Burkett arunca o sacosa mica din pânza pe scaunul din spate al masinii, apoi urca în fata, pe scaunul pasagerului. N-am adus multe cu mine. Sunt al dracului de sigur ca nu vreau suveniruri de aici.
The vase was smashed deliberately by John. What changes does the use of the passive expressed by passive morphology trigger? The Agent of a passive does no longer appear as the subject; it appears either as a by- object by John or it is somehow implicit it can be inferred from the context. When the verb undergoes passivization, it can no longer assign accusative case to the object that immediately follows it, this is why the former subject in the active voice sentence needs a preposition to give it accusative case.
Paradoxul este unul prietenesc de vreme ce a permis să convieţuiască, mână în mână, impulsul de a ieşi din necunoaştere, neimplicare, neverbalizare şi instinctul de a intra în recunoaştere, implicare şi cuvânt.
Mary a fost invitată John. When can it be omitted? Mi s-a furat portofelul. Bicicletele ar trebui folosite pe scară largă în oraș în locul transportului public. If the agent is obvious or has already been mentioned, it is not mentioned. Firma a fost de acord cu cererea noastră și astfel s-a deschis o nouă parcare. If the agent is not important to the meaning of the sentence it is not mentioned. Am fost sfătuit să obțin viza dinainte.
Apoi sticlele sunt ambalate în navete de câte douăzeci și patru.
- Ты не слишком наблюдателен,-- укоризненно проговорил .
- English Romanian [zpnxyz1nv]
- Sandra Brown Ultimul Joc - terapiegiurgiu.ro
In what follows we provide all the temporal and aspectual forms available with the passive. Susan face curat în casă o dată la Casa este curățată de Susan o două săptămâni. Present Susan is writing the letter as we The letter is being written by Continuous speak.
Susan as we speak. Susan scrie scrisoarea chiar în Scrisoarea este scrisă de Susan momentul în care vorbim. Simple Past Susan repaired the coffee The coffee maker was repaired maker. Susan a reparat aparatul de Aparatul de făcut cafea a fost făcut cafea. Past The shop assistant was helping The customer was being helped Continuous the customer when the by the shop assistant when the earthquake cut off the electricity earthquake cut off the electricity supply.
Vânzătorul ajuta clientul în Clientul era ajutat de vânzător în momentul în care pierdere în greutate royal canin a momentul în care cutremurul a întrerupt alimentarea cu energie întrerupt alimentarea cu energie electrică.
Present Many tourists have visited that That amusement park has been Perfect amusement park.
- В течение целых геологических эпох многие миллиарды ног исходили этот пол вдоль и поперек, не оставив и следа на его непостижимо неподатливом веществе.
- Calaméo - Alecart numarul5
- The Passive | Perfect (Grammar) | Onomastics
Mulți turiști au vizitat acel parc Acel parc de distracții a fost de distracții. Susan a făcut pregătiri pentru Pregătirile pentru ziua de naștere a ziua de naștere a fiului său. John reparase multe mașini Multe mașini fuseseră reparate de înainte de a primi licența de John înainte ca acesta să mecanic auto.
Bucătarul Ramsey, pregătea de Mesele de seară fantastice ale doi ani mesele de seară restaurantului erau de doi ani fantastice ale restaurantului pregătite de Bucătarul Ramsey timp înainte să se mute în State. Cineva va termina lucrul până la Lucrul se va termina până la ora ora cinci după-amiază.
Simple Susan is going to make a A beautiful dinner is going to be Future be beautiful dinner tonight. Diseară, la opt, vasele vor fi spălate de John. Future They fișierul excel islamul pierde în greutate have completed the The assignment will have been Perfect will assignment before the deadline. Ei completed before the deadline.
Future They are going to have The assignment is going to have Perfect be completed the assignment been completed before the going to before the deadline.
Ei vor fi îndeplinit sarcina Sarcina va fi fost îndeplinită înainte de termenul limită. Future The famous artist will have The portrait will have been Perfect been painting the portrait for being painted by the famous Continuous over six months by the time it is artist for over six months by the will finished.
Până să o termine, vor fi trecut Portretul va fi fost pictată de către șase luni de când celebrul artist celebrul artist timp de șase luni va fi pictat portretul.
Future Mother is going to have been The shirt is going to have been Perfect washing the shirt. Cămașa Continuous Mama urmează să fi spălat urmează să fi fost spălată de către be going to cămașa.
Tata obișnuia să plătească Facturile lunare erau de obicei facturile lunare. Știam că John avea să termine Știam că munca lui John avea să lucrul până la ora șase după- termine până la ora șase după- amiaza. Future in the I thought mother was going to I poate pipita alot cauzeaza pierderea in greutate dinner was going to be Past be going make dinner tonight.
Modal My mother must have baked Those pies must have been auxiliaries: those pies. E posibil ca John să picteze E posibil ca fresca să fie pictată în fresca în timp ce vorbim timp ce vorbim. Susan should have done her The homework should have been homework hours ago.
Susan ar fi trebuit să își facă Tema ar fi trebuit să fie făcută de tema acum câteva ceasuri. Non-finite forms Present One of the doors creaked open One of the doors creaked open infinitive five or six inches and Malcolm five or six inches and Malcolm Bentley slipped out, to meet Bentley slipped out, to be met by with the three children who had the three children who had been been chosen as representatives.
Una dintre uși se întredeschise Ten Sorry Tales - M. Jackson câțiva centimetri și Malcolm Una dintre uși se întredeschise Bentley se strecură afară ca să îi câțiva centimetri și Malcolm întâlnească pe cei trei copii care Bentley se strecură afară ca să fie fuseseră aleși ca reprezentanți.
The Perfect The cosmetics company was product was supposed to have infinitive supposed to have launched the been launched by the product. Firma de produse cosmetice Produsul trebuia să fi fost lansat trebuia să fi lansat produsul. Participle Also, poate pipita alot cauzeaza pierderea in greutate islands were strung Also, the islands were strung out out close to the coast, a channel close to the coast, some of them twenty feet wide separating being separated from the some of them from the mainland only by a channel mainland… twenty feet wide… My Family and Other Animals - G.
Nu voia să se gândească la Ten Sorry Tales - M. Jackson consecințele ca ei să îl prindă. Nu voia să se gândească la consecințele de a fi prins.
The Object of the active voice sentence switches places with the Subject of the active voice sentence, thus becoming the grammatical subject of the newly formed passive construction. The former Subject becomes a by-Agent in the new passive voice sentence. The be-passive may occur in most tenses and aspects as well as with non-finite verb forms, i. Food for thought Consider the excerpts below containing different passive forms.
Identify those forms e. My Family and Other Animals — G. Durrell d But the boat was being steadily lifted on the water, with Mister Morris inside, furiously rowing, until at last he found himself being pressed right up against the tunnel roof. Nannies and other help had to be interviewed and hired. Ten Sorry Tales - M. Jackson Food for thought 2 Consider the following text containing different passive forms and try to turn it into the active voice making all other necessary changes.
There are no sobs to be heard, and no wails. The visitor feels calm, and ready at last. When this business is over and the story is out, or as much of the story as will ever be out, such interlopers will be described as having been drawn to the place like moth to a flame. While they are being counted and identified, articles will be written; some sober and balanced, others gleefully bug-eyed. None will capture the essence of the old man or even get a real grip on the events that had taken place under this roof.
Nor will they convey any more than the haziest sense of the lives of these supposed moths, at least not what will often be referred to as their inner lives — the details beyond their education, employment history and haphazard lists of their likes and dislikes. With so little known about the thoughts and feelings from which they were built, these people will be presented to the world as having amounted to little more than a curriculum vitae, or a lonely hearts advertisement.
Little Hands Clapping — D. Rhodes 2. Idioms — the Passive Voice anomaly Examine the following examples based on idioms made up poate pipita alot cauzeaza pierderea in greutate a verb phrase and a noun phrase which the verb the verb takes as a complement : 14 a. The two countries finally resolved their conflict. Cele două țări și-au rezolvat îndelungatul conflict. They buried the hatchet. The hatchet had been buried. The old man finally died. În cele din urmă bătrânul a murit.
The patient bit the bullet. The bullet had been bitten. The examples show that the idioms bury the hatchet - a îngropa securea războiului and bite the bullet — a da ortul popii do not have the same behaviour regarding the passive voice1. While 14b is perfectly acceptable, 15b is frowned upon by many native speakers. The obvious question here is: why can the idiom kick the bucket a da ortul popii not take the passive voice?
For instance if we say his foot was put down piciorul a fost pus jos we do not convey the same information as the meaning denoted by the idiom. So how can we tell that bite the bullet a da ortul popii does not allow for a passive counterpart, but bury the hatchet a îngropa securea războiului does?
It is important to underline that, according to certain linguistic 1 For a more detailed discussion, see Url According to previous linguists, the inability of certain idioms pierde căpșuni de greutate function in the passive is related to the metaphors underlying these idioms.
In the case of bury the hatchet, the hatchet securea — as an implement — stands for war, buckeye costul pierderii în greutate the verb to bury stands for an ending — burying the hatchet is equivalent to disposing of a war implement, thus metaphorically synonymous to ending the war.
The figurative meaning is available even to people unfamiliar with the metaphor.
On the other hand, no such metaphor can be found in the idiomatic expression kick the bucket — the meaning of this idiom has to be explained to people unfamiliar with it. This idiom is analyzable it can be taken apart and its parts make sense and can undergo passivization. No such thing is possible for the idiom to bite the bullet — neither the verb to bite, nor the noun bullet being immediately associated with the image of DEATH. All the idiomatic nouns above may appear in passive constructions.
Otherwise, one cannot explain why idiomatic nouns cannot appear freely as subjects in English. Their synonyms, on the other hand, can co-occur with various verbs see examples 7 and 8.
They paid little heed to her allegations. They should more make headway on this. They pulled strings so that they would get the new Mercedes before everyone else.